JOURNAL OF PSYCHOMETRY

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activities

The major activities of the Institute are to identify the dimension of abilities, personality profiles etc., necessary for success in various jobs and professional courses. For this purpose, the Institute concentrates itself in development of tools and procedures for selection, placement and promotion of personnel through appropriate research and follow-up-studies.

 

Proper utilization of Human Resources as well as the material resources is the prime factor for economic development of any country. The efficiency of the worker, his motivation, his dedication are actually responsible for quantity and quality of the work done.

 

In fact machines do not work; it is the man behind the machine who does the work. Hence,  the task of putting the right man in the  right  position  is  of  utmost  significance.

 

The Institute broadly deals with the following areas of activities:

 

  • Research in the fields of Education, Psychometry, Sociology and in fields of practical importance in allied areas.
  • Development of tools and techniques for selection, placement and promotion of personnel, for admission of students to professional courses.
  • Undertaking Research Projects and test development.
  • Conducting Seminars, Workshops etc.
  • Distance Learning Programmes (DLP) of IGNOU, IMT, MICE etc.
  • Career Guidance &  Counseimg.
  • Publication of Journal, Books, Research reports and Tests.
 

RESEARCH ACTIVITIES

Strength of the Indian Institute of Psychometry lied on the fact it  is basically  a research oriented organisation.  IIP is a recognized as "Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation"; by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research,   Ministry   of Science & Technology, Govt. of India.

 

IIP carries on research on  different psychological  and  socio - economic  aspects. The tests it develops for selection purposes are also based on extensive research.

 

Test development and standardization

The Institute has already developed and standardized several psychological tests viz.,

 

  • Aptitude  Test  Battery  for  Differential  Prediction
  • Non-Verbal  Intelligence  Test
  • Scientific Knowledge  and  Aptitude Test
  • English Knowledge and Comprehension Test
  • Supervisory Attitude Scale
  • Mechanical Aptitude Test
  • Basic Mental Ability Test Battery
 

DEVELOPMENT OF TOOLS & TECHNIQUES THROUGH SELECTION AND ADMISSION

The Institute aims at fitting the right person to the right job, for which it has developed and is continuously developing scientific methods and procedures based on comprehensive research work. The procedure adopted by the Institute involves the following steps :

 

  • Job analysis
  • Identification of basic abilities required for the specific jobs
  • Development of suitable tests and test administration
  • Follow-up study of the performance record of the selected candidates
  • Analysis of the tests in terms of performance record of the selected candidates
  • Revision and development of test batteries

For each assignment the Institute undertakes, specific tests are designed and developed to meet the specific needs of the organisation, the job environment, job requirement etc.,  so that an integrated picture of the job itself and the abilities required to perform, emerge and they match each other.

 

The tests are continually modified through follow-up studies to improve upon the quality of selection. It is found from the studies that the tests developed by the Institute possess fairly high correlations between the selection variables and later performance.

 

For each test constructed whether for higher level or lower level jobs, the Institute takes adequate care in constructing and improving upon the predictive efficiency of the selection variables.

 

With long experience in this field the Institute has been able to develop under Indian conditions objective tests for assessing Writing Ability, English Comprehension, Perceptual Acuity, Mechanical Aptitude, Following Directions, Data Interpretation, Space Relations,  Verbal,  Abstract,  Quantitative Reasoning etc.

 

For each of these tests several forms of varying levels are available. Moreover, achievement tests of the objective type in different subjects like Accountancy, Law Botany, Chemistry, Physics, Geology, Mathematics, Biology etc., different branches of Engineering like Mechanical, Electrical, Chemical, Metallurgy, Civil, Telecommunication, Petroleum Technology, Industrial Engineering, Architecture, (Naval and General), Automobile Engineering, different branches of Medicine like General Surgery, General Medicine, Paediatrics, Pharmacology, Psychiatry, Pathology,  Gynecology,  Orthopaedics, Radiology, Dermatology, T.B & Chest Diseases, Opthalmology, Anatomy, Biochemistry, Forensic etc., with several parallel forms for each test, have also been developed.

 

Selection procedure involves various steps. In fact, selection process upto the last phase is basically a screening orelimination procedure through an aptitude test battery. The aptitude tests are accompanied with domain of knowledge or job knowledge tests where-ever necessary.

 

The second stage of screening is sometimes done on the basis of assessment of various personality traits. These personality traits are obtained through the use of a special method developed independently in 1970 by two of the Directors of the Institute and is known as Group Task which is usually supplemented by Group Discussion.

 

Sometimes it is observed that the persons assessed as high on the basis of written test and personality assessment do not show up adequately at the interview.

 

In this context, it is noteworthy that:

 

  • The selection variables are primarily designed to predict future job performance of the candidates and not their ability to perform well at the interview.
  • The research literature throughout the world indicates that reliability and validity of the interview as selection tool are not satisfactory in the practical field.
 

CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECT

Following Research Projects have been undertaken by the Institute

 

  • To study the nature of Religious Belief and Moral Attitude score distribution in revealing the trends of Religious and Moral Attitude of the College Students.
  • Characteristics Features of Personality Factors of Adolescent students brought up under different Family Set ups and antecedents deprivation of Needs of Social Life.
  • Standardize a Bengali Version of Cattell's 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire (Form C).
  • To study the profile difference of the adolescent girls in H.S.P.Q and 16 Personality Factor questionnaire.
  • Survey on performance profile of the students of different schools of Bengali Medium in Mechanical Aptitude Test.
  • Survey on performance profile of   the students of different schools of Urban and Rural areas of West Bengal in Basic Mental Ability Test (BMA).
  • To develop a revised form of English Knowledge and Verbal Reasoning Aptitude test for Higher Secondary students.
  • To develop knowledge test on Physics, Chemistry and Maths for the students interested to appear in Medical, Engineering and different competitive examination.
  • Analysis of data of different aptitude tests, Chatterji's Non Language Preference Record (CNPR) etc.
  • To study the reliability Co-efficient of Entrepreneurship aptitude tests (Sharma and Tripathi, 1970) for local adaptation.
  • Development of tests that would predict the performance in professional courses like MBA, Finance, Hotel Management.
  • A  study  on  Mental  Health  Information of  Adolescent Bengali  Girls  of  Secondary Schools  affecting their  Social Skills and Relationships.
  • A study on the Quality of Life of the Bengali Women with Menopausal Syndrome.
 

SEMINARS, SYMPOSIA, WORKSHOPS AND TRAINING PROGRAMMES

The Institute, in addition to its regular activities conducts seminars etc., to discuss and highlight the usefulness of objective methods of selection of objective methods of selection of personnel and admission of students. In pursuance of this objective the Institute has organized a number of of seminars and workshops, details of which are given in the appendix.

 

DISTANCE LEARNING PROGRAM (DLP)

Today, education is no longer a static process confined to the formative years of childhood or adolescence but is a dynamic, continuous on-going process that spans throughout the professional career of any individual. Hence, the educational message today has to be about creating flexible and convenient learning opportunities capable of serving the needs of a variety of professionals. The Distance Learning Program (DLP) mode of education provides a flexible education format which offers the eternal benefit of flexibility, professional recognition and academic enhancement. Thus, students of DLP come from a wide cross section of professional groups with varying degree of experience. Here, students bind themselves with their quest for self-improvement and academic achievement.

 

IIP established its DLP courses mainly under the multiple flagship of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), Manipal Institute of Computer Education (MICE), Centre for Diploma in Advanced Computing (CDAC) and Institute of Management Technology (IMT), Ghaziabad with the following major objectives:

 

  • Popularizing higher education by taking it to the doorsteps of the students.
  • Providing high quality education to students irrespective of their age, region, religion, caste or formal education.
  • To promote and offer need-based programs to various professional setting and maintaining standards in Distance Learning Education.
  • Continuing education and professional development at working arena.
 

IIP offers both short term and long term programs leading to Certificates, Diplomas, Degrees under the above mentioned market established brands. Short terms Certificate Courses like CIC are of the duration of six months (1 semester) or one year (2 semesters) whereas the long term Diploma courses range between one year and two years; Degree Courses like MBA, MCA, BCA etc., have a span of three years (6 semesters). In all these modes, Study Materials & Text books,  Hands  on  Computer  Sessions, Library Usage, Seminars, Assignments and Case Studies, Project Work are essential components of study. The idea of Group Learning is promoted through free exchange of ideas and information among group members through discussions and presentations because Group Learning is a proven methodology for the development of professional and communication skills. Frequent seminars and guest lectures from Industry Experts are all part and parcel of these curriculums.

 

Apart from these, IIP was associated for two years 2001-2003 with CDAC, a scientific society of the Ministry for Information Technology, Government of India which is India's national initiative in Advance Computing with a mission to deliver the state-of-the-art, open-architecture parallel supercomputers, for scientific, engineering and business applications. CDAC offers the Diploma in Advanced Computer users who wish to venture into the world of advance computing.

 

We at IIP are hopeful with our commitment to do our best to help various students who remain ever anxious to adapt with   the ever increasing demand of more knowledge and technology skills in today's world of competitive global economy and information technology revolution.

 

Details about the various courses of IGNOU, IMT and MICE which are handled by IIP at present are mentioned below.

 
IGNOU
( Largest Open University in the Commonwealth )

Courses handled by IIP

 

DURATION: 6 MONTHS


Certificate in Computing (CIC)
Certificate in Human Right (CHR)
Certificate in Teaching of English (CTE)

 

DURATION: 3 YEARS


Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA)
Master of Business Administration
(Banking & Finance) (MBF)
Master in Computer Application (MCA)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)

IMT, GHAZIABAD
(8th Ranking Management Institute of India)

Courses handled by IIP

 

DURATION: 1 YEAR

 

One Year Specialized Diploma in Business Administration
One Year Specialized Diploma in Financial Management
One Year Specialized Diploma in Marketing Management

 

DURATION: 2 YEARS

 

Master Degree in Marketing Management (MMM)
Master Degree in Supply Chain Management (MSCM)

 

DURATION: 3 YEARS

Master Degree in Business Administration (MBA)

MICE

(Computer Education with Social Responsibility)

 

Courses handled by IIP

 

DURATION: 6 MONTHS

 

Diploma in Computer Application (DCA) Diploma in E-commerce (DEC)

 

DURATION: 1.5 YEARS

 

Master Diploma in Computer Application (MDCA)
Master Diploma in Information Technology (MDIT)
Master Diploma in E-commerce (MDEC)

 

CAREER GUIDANCE

With the rapid development of technology, the scenario regarding education and occupation is getting changed and as   a result, varied specialized educational and occupational fields  are  created  and these  are exciting and challenging too.

 

Towards the end of schooling, students and parents are confused about the problem of choice of careers. They flounder in selecting the stream as well as making their career choice. But they lack information related to the individual’s potentialities that are required to be considered to get success in a particular area. Because of possession of different psychological traits (intelligence, aptitudes, interest pattern and personality characteristics etc.), individuals differ in ability to comprehend concepts, achievement level, coping capacity, etc.

 

Specific field or course or stream requires specific combination of these traits. The mismatching of the potential abilities with stream of educational career leads to loss of interest, destructive attitudes, negative self image, low confidence, feeling of insecurity and finally dropping-out from the mainstream of education, manifestation of clinical problems like psychosomatic disorders, anxiety, depression etc.

 

The dropout rate and low percentage of passing are increasing day by day among the school students. The policy makers in educational fields are worried about this because of wastage of money, time and efforts. Parents and students also come for technical help from the guide.

 

Keeping these points in view, IIP aims at building a platform with facilities of research and services of psychological testing for the analysis of mental traits to help all the concerned persons like students, parents, teachers and policy­makers in the field of education.

 

To achieve these goals, the Institute is rendering the counseling and guidance services for the following:

 

Pre-admission guidance

This sort of service helps the students in making educational choice matching their abilities, aptitudes, interest, IQ, personality etc.

 

Selection of extracurricular activity

Sometimes students and rarely parents get interested with some co-curricular or extra-curricular activities. The Institute is rendering services in this area also.

 

Post - admission guidance

The parents and teachers find themselves helpless in rectifying the students' poor study habits, misbehaviors, lack of motivation, attention difficulty etc. The institute has extended its services here also.

 

Vocational Choice

Sometimes students with good qualifications also find themselves confused about further steps to be taken by them. We are providing necessary services for this purpose.

 

Helping the frustrated

After repetitive failures in competitive examinations students become frustrated and face difficulty in convincing their parents to understand their inability and gradually they become aloof and lose interest in study. The Institute analyses the potential standing of the students and give relevant suggestions.

 

Clinical Services

Sometimes students who come for guidance purpose also require some clinical services. The Institute provides clinical services to the concerned students.

 

Activities of Career Guidance Wing

IIP has long established its intention that it will strictly operate recognizing its social responsibility and try to impart its pool of knowledge with respect to guiding, training and helping the mass, in case of Human Resource Development matters.

 

Accordingly, IIP is involved in the field of Career Guidance and Counseling; also students have often found themselves perplexed regarding the selection of courses or the stream to be followed for future studies of the "Make Or Break" junction points, which every individual faces after completion of Secondary, Higher Secondary or Graduation levels.

 

IP has taken it up to itself to move this fog of confusion from the mind of the prospective careerist or their parents and counsel them to choose the right stream based on the analysis of the candidate’s mental make-up.

 

To add up to it,  IIP also provides counseling sessions to those who are found to be in need for the same, so that a few rectifiable personality parameters can be diagnosed, medicated (in this case interactive session with experts of the fields) and cured, to give the candidate a fair chance to realize his/her goals.

 

The Career Counseling sessions comprise of :

 

Aptitude Test, Achievement Test
IQ Level Test
Interest Inventory
Personality Questionnaire etc.

 

Most of these tests are developed and standardized by IIP,  suited to local condition.

 

The following add-ons are planned in this field:

 

  • Develop Tests measuring job specific aptitude
  • Provide group-Counseling services in different institutions like schools, colleges, workplaces etc.
  • Provide curriculum-related guidance service to students
  • Provide in-house clinical services
  • Provide placement assistance to job-seekers

Career-Guidance and Counseling service is regularly offered for the students and job seekers. In this connection it is necessary to develop individual profiles. Generally the potential aptitudes are assessed through the assessment of different aptitude tests. Counseling is another importance activity of the Institute. Generally counseling offers for career guidance purpose and for behaviour modification purpose also.  Through out the year (January - December, 2005) the distribution of the clients are as follows:

 

Months

No. Of
Aptitude Test Clients

No. of
Counselling Settings

January

10

27

February

02

26

March

17

34

April

28

34

May

26

12

June

19

24

July

06

18

August

-

19

September

02

24

October

05

19

November

04

15

December

03

10

 

What We Want To Do In Future

With the successful implementation of Land Reforms Policies and Panchayati Raj, we have noticed tremendous improvement in the economic and social lives in the rural areas of West Bengal. Also with the growth of difference co-operatives in different areas of rural Bengal people have learnt to help each other and build assets for themselves. But with these developments not all the required facilities have improved the way it should be in the Rural Bengal.  It is very encouraging to note that the students from the districts are doing very well in their academic fields. We feel Career Guidance and Counselling, which is primarily city based service is seriously required in the rural areas also to cope with the pressure and to facilitate  growth.

We, therefore, have decided to extend this service to different areas in Rural Bengal and also in small towns.

 

Our aim is to spread our services to the mass and to give them same facilities which students in a city are getting. We will provide these services at subsidized cost. With the help of Government and other Institutions we hope that we will be able to fulfill our commitments.

 

JOURNAL OF PSYCHOMETRY

Since   1988,   the   institute   has   been publishing Journal of Psychometry.  This bi­-annual journal publishes articles/papers from executives, researchers and academicians from different   parts of India, and abroad covering the field of Industrial Management, Organisational Behaviour, Personnel Selection, Appraisal and Educational Psychology

 

Journal of Psychometry

 

Editor (Acting)
Dr. Manjula Mukerjee (Chatterji)
Former Professor and Head PRSU, I.S.I., Kolkata, & Director I.I.P., Kolkata

 

Consulting Editors

Prof. John. Edward Hunter                  

Michigan State University, U.S.A

 

Dr. Sukumar Bose
Teacher of Eminence (H.C.)

Calcutta University

 

Emeritus Editor

Dr. P. Ananthakrishnan
Former Professor & Head, Psychology Dept.
University of Madras

 

Board of Editors

Dr. Pramila Vasudeva
University of Punjab, Chandigarh

 

Dr. Taskina  Faruq
Professor of Psychology
Pajsahi University, Bangladesh

 

Prof. C. L.  Kundu
Rehabilitation Council of India
New Delhi

 

Dr. P . K .  Mishra
Professor of Psychology
Utkal University,  Orissa

 

Dr. Usha Rani Singh
Professor of Psychology
Bhagalpur University, Bihar

 

Dr. Purnima Mathur
Emeritus Scientist
A.I.C.T.E., New Delhi


Dr. Alok Banerjee
Kalyani University.
West Bengal

 

Dr. Shamshad Hussain
Vice Chancellor
Maghad University

 

Prof.  T.  J.  Kamalanabhan
Professor
I.I.T.,   Madras